SVD (Dragunov)

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The Dragunov sniper rifle (formally Russian: Снайперская винтовка Драгунова, Snayperskaya Vintovka Dragunova (SVD), literally "Dragunov's sniper rifle") is a semi-automatic sniper rifle/designated marksman rifle chambered in 7.62×54mmR and developed in the Soviet Union.



Type Sniper rifle, designated marksman rifle
Place of origin
Soviet Union
Service history​
In service 1963–present
Wars Vietnam War,[1] Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Soviet war in Afghanistan, Iraq War, Yugoslav Wars, First and Second Chechen Wars, Cambodian–Thai border dispute, 2008 South Ossetia War, Kargil War
Production history​
Designer Yevgeny Dragunov
Designed 1958–1963
Manufacturer Izhmash, Ordnance Factories Organisation, Norinco
Produced 1963–present
Specifications​
Weight 4.30 kg (9.48 lb) (with scope and unloaded magazine),4.68 kg (10.3 lb) (SVDS),4.40 kg (9.7 lb) (SVU), 5.02 kg (11.1 lb) (SWD-M)
Length 1,225 mm (48.2 in) (SVD), 1,135 mm (44.7 in) stock extended / 815 mm (32.1 in) stock folded (SVDS), 900 mm (35.4 in) (SVU), 1,125 mm (44.3 in) (SWD-M)
Barrel length 610 mm (24.0 in) (SVD, SWD-M), 565 mm (22.2 in) (SVDS), 600 mm (23.6 in) (SVU)
Cartridge 7.62×54mmR, 5.45×39mm (Assault Rifle variant)
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Muzzle velocity 830 m/s (2,723 ft/s) (SVD, SVDS, SWD-M), 800 m/s (2,624.7 ft/s) (SVU)
Effective range 800 m
Maximum range 1,300 m with scope, 1,200 m with iron sights
Feed system 10-round detachable box magazine[2]
Sights PSO-1 telescopic sight and iron sights with an adjustable rear notch sight



Variants:



SVD Dragunov sniper rifle - 7.62x54mm R



SVDS rifle with shortened barrel and folding stock, intended for paratroopers - 7.62x54mm R



Commercial "Tiger Carbine" (aka "Dragunov Tiger") version sold in the US, with synthetic furnishings used on domestic SVD-M modernized variant - 7.62x54mm R. More recent Tiger versions have a completely smooth reciever cover.



SVU Dragunov - 7.62x54mm R



SVU-AS Dragunov sniper rifle with bipod - 7.62x54mm R



Norinco NDM-86 - 7.62x54mm R



Norinco NDM-86 - .308 Winchester / 7.62x51mm NATO

How to tell an SVD from a PSL



SVD Dragunov sniper rifle - 7.62x54mm R. Shorter exposed part of gas piston, one-piece handguard, thinner bent safety lever, no "X" stamping on magazine, gap between magazine well and front of trigger guard, top of stock in-line with bore axis.



Romanian FPK/PSL sniper rifle - 7.62x54mm R. Note longer exposed part of the gas piston, two-piece AK-style handguard, straight safety lever, AK-style receiver with push-button at rear, "X" shaped stamping on the magazine, magazine located immediately in front of the trigger guard rather than some distance ahead, diagonal stock.
 
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