SVD (Dragunov)



The Dragunov sniper rifle (formally Russian: Снайперская винтовка Драгунова, Snayperskaya Vintovka Dragunova (SVD), literally "Dragunov's sniper rifle") is a semi-automatic sniper rifle/designated marksman rifle chambered in 7.62×54mmR and developed in the Soviet Union.

Type Sniper rifle, designated marksman rifle
Place of origin
Soviet Union
Service history​
In service 1963–present
Wars Vietnam War,[1] Cambodian–Vietnamese War, Soviet war in Afghanistan, Iraq War, Yugoslav Wars, First and Second Chechen Wars, Cambodian–Thai border dispute, 2008 South Ossetia War, Kargil War
Production history​
Designer Yevgeny Dragunov
Designed 1958–1963
Manufacturer Izhmash, Ordnance Factories Organisation, Norinco
Produced 1963–present
Weight 4.30 kg (9.48 lb) (with scope and unloaded magazine),4.68 kg (10.3 lb) (SVDS),4.40 kg (9.7 lb) (SVU), 5.02 kg (11.1 lb) (SWD-M)
Length 1,225 mm (48.2 in) (SVD), 1,135 mm (44.7 in) stock extended / 815 mm (32.1 in) stock folded (SVDS), 900 mm (35.4 in) (SVU), 1,125 mm (44.3 in) (SWD-M)
Barrel length 610 mm (24.0 in) (SVD, SWD-M), 565 mm (22.2 in) (SVDS), 600 mm (23.6 in) (SVU)
Cartridge 7.62×54mmR, 5.45×39mm (Assault Rifle variant)
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Muzzle velocity 830 m/s (2,723 ft/s) (SVD, SVDS, SWD-M), 800 m/s (2,624.7 ft/s) (SVU)
Effective range 800 m
Maximum range 1,300 m with scope, 1,200 m with iron sights
Feed system 10-round detachable box magazine[2]
Sights PSO-1 telescopic sight and iron sights with an adjustable rear notch sight


SVD Dragunov sniper rifle - 7.62x54mm R

SVDS rifle with shortened barrel and folding stock, intended for paratroopers - 7.62x54mm R

Commercial "Tiger Carbine" (aka "Dragunov Tiger") version sold in the US, with synthetic furnishings used on domestic SVD-M modernized variant - 7.62x54mm R. More recent Tiger versions have a completely smooth reciever cover.

SVU Dragunov - 7.62x54mm R

SVU-AS Dragunov sniper rifle with bipod - 7.62x54mm R

Norinco NDM-86 - 7.62x54mm R

Norinco NDM-86 - .308 Winchester / 7.62x51mm NATO

How to tell an SVD from a PSL

SVD Dragunov sniper rifle - 7.62x54mm R. Shorter exposed part of gas piston, one-piece handguard, thinner bent safety lever, no "X" stamping on magazine, gap between magazine well and front of trigger guard, top of stock in-line with bore axis.

Romanian FPK/PSL sniper rifle - 7.62x54mm R. Note longer exposed part of the gas piston, two-piece AK-style handguard, straight safety lever, AK-style receiver with push-button at rear, "X" shaped stamping on the magazine, magazine located immediately in front of the trigger guard rather than some distance ahead, diagonal stock.